We reach the topic of Authenticated SMTP, where your ISP, university, or company e-mail server needs you to log in with a username and password to prove that you are not a spammer before they allow you to send e-mail.
For maximum security, TLS should be used in conjunction with authentication; otherwise your password (and username, for that matter) will be visible to anyone observing the connection. The proper way to do this is to establish the TLS connection first, and then send your authentication information only over the encrypted communications channel.
But using authentication itself is simple;
smtplib provides a
login() function that takes a username
and a password.
login.py shows an example. To avoid repeating code already shown in previous
listings, this listing does not take the advice of the previous paragraph, and sends the username and
password over an un-authenticated connection that will send them in the clear.
import sys, smtplib, socket from getpass import getpass if len(sys.argv) < 4: print "Syntax: %s server fromaddr toaddr [toaddr...]" % sys.argv sys.exit(2) server, fromaddr, toaddrs = sys.argv, sys.argv, sys.argv[3:] message = """To: %s From: %s Subject: Test Message from simple.py Hello, This is a test message sent to you from the login.py program in Foundations of Python Network Programming. """ % (', '.join(toaddrs), fromaddr) sys.stdout.write("Enter username: ") username = sys.stdin.readline().strip() password = getpass("Enter password: ") try: s = smtplib.SMTP(server) try: s.login(username, password) except smtplib.SMTPException, e: print "Authentication failed:", e sys.exit(1) s.sendmail(fromaddr, toaddrs, message) except (socket.gaierror, socket.error, socket.herror, smtplib.SMTPException), e: print " *** Your message may not have been sent!" print e sys.exit(1) else: print "Message successfully sent to %d recipient(s)" % len(toaddrs)
You can run this program just like the previous examples. If you run it with a server that does support authentication, you will be prompted for a username and password. If they are accepted, then the program will proceed to transmit your message.